About Blood Glucose
If you’re one of the millions of Americans living with diabetes, learning the basics of blood glucose control is a great first step to help you manage the disease.
Know the Tests
You need both blood glucose self-tests and A1C tests to help you and your doctor understand your blood glucose control, because they measure blood glucose in different ways. Both of these tests will help you and your doctor set goals that are right for you.
- Self-tests show your blood glucose at the time of the test.
- The A1C test shows a history of your blood glucose control over the past 2 to 3 months.
Ask your doctor about your A1C and blood glucose goals, including when and how often you should self-test your blood glucose each day. Diet, exercise and medicines (if prescribed by your doctor), can help control blood glucose levels.
The American Diabetes Association recommends that people with diabetes have an individualized A1C goal. The goal for many adults with diabetes is less than 7 percent. A higher or lower goal may be appropriate for some people. You should speak with your doctor about what goal is right for you.
About one-third of adults with diabetes aren’t at their A1C goal. That’s why it’s so important for you to know your A1C and to work with your doctor to set and attain goals that are right for you.
If you have type 2 diabetes, it’s important to learn about and manage both high and low blood glucose.